European Union policies

The Schuman Declaration of 9 May 1950, which launched the process that has led to the European Union as we know it today, proposed that:

“Europe will not be made all at once, or according to a single plan. It will be built through concrete achievements which first create a de facto solidarity.”

The policies of the European Union are among those “concrete achievements”: how far they contribute to “a de facto solidarity” is the subject of debate.

Follow the links below for more information about different policy areas.

Foreign and security policy

Defence policy




Single market



Free movement

Social policy

Economic policy

The euro

EU budget

EU taxation

Immigration and asylum policy